Afghan Culture

Afghan Dresses

Afghan dress designs display that Afghanistan is home to many ethnicities. It includes Tajiks, Pashtun, Hazara, Uzbek and shorter communities of Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashayi, Nuristani, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, and Gurjar. They have their particular traditions.

Men’s article of clothing includes the khet partug, perahan tunban, and the turban and native varieties of coats.

Generally, ancient women’s dresses in Afghanistan are made of lightweight linens and are baggy for easy movement. They come in many colors and have stitched for details. One distinctive sort of casual women’s dress is that the kandahari doozi embroidery handicraft of the town of Kandahar. This is stitching very intricately in the linens in different shapes and patterns using very thin threads. The more intricate the design is, the more pricey the garment.

More elaborate and adorer dresses are detailed with gold threading (Zardozi), gold beads, and are available in many alternative colors on silk materials. These dresses are usually worn on special occasions and weddings. Some women, however, wear burqas, despite following the Taliban’s fall in 2011.


As a mainly rural and tribal population, the Pashtun dress of Afghanistan and Pakistan is usually made up of lightweight linens and is loose for simple movement. The Pashtun dress includes native styles of the shalwar kameez, that are differently created for males and females.

Male Clothing

The old male dress includes the Khet partug and Perahan WA tunban. Males usually wear kufi, Peshawari cap, traditional lungee or patkay turban, Mazari hat, Sindhi cap or pakul as traditional headgear. Pashtun leaders usually wear a karakul hat, like President Hamid Karzai and former monarchs of Afghanistan.

Female Dress

The traditional female dress is the Firaq partūg. Women wear solid-colored trousers, a protracted kamīs shirt with a belt. Sometimes they’ll wear an encompassing garment over this outfit or a tsādar on their head.

Many of the co-ethnic groups who live alongside the Pasthuns in Afghanistan, Pakistan have also adopted the dress because of comfort or popular culture. The Pashtun dress is the most popular of Afghan dress, in particular, the female dress which is known as Gand-e-Afghani.

Afghan Dresses

Firaq Partug

The term firaq partug refers to many outfits traditionally worn by women in Afghanistan. The styles vary according to region. The outfits consist of three garments: chador, firaq, and partug.


The chador is the headscarf which can be of varying lengths.


Firaq refers to the higher garment that flows out from the waist, like a skirt, with some styles reaching to the ankles and other styles reaching below the knees. The firaq is also called kameez.


Partug may be a variety of shalwar and is that the lower garment that’s saggy gathered at the ankles and tied around the waist creating folds.

Khet Partug

Khet partug or khat partug is a type of shalwar kameez traditionally worn in Afghanistan and the mostly Pashtun dominated parts of western and northwestern Pakistan.



The khet is that the higher garment that is loose and slightly tightened at the waist and is more sort of a tunic or a gown, similar to a smock with wide sleeves and reaches below the knees. The khet doesn’t historically have aspect slits and is worn with a belt at the waist.


The partug is that the lower garment that is incredibly loose and choked with pleats, with folds all around the waist and made of yards of material. Khet partug is also similar to the costume worn by men dancing.

The khet partug is totally different from the perahan tunban.

Perahan Tunban

Perahan tunban, a kind of shalwar kameez, is a male article of clothing worn by men in western Pakistan and Afghanistan.




The perahan (the top) is wide and loose with the sleeves additionally worn loose and pendent from the arms. The traditional perahan varies per the region of Afghanistan with some ending at the knees et al. midway between the calf and therefore the feet (in that case little slits are created). The traditional perahan additionally buttons on either shoulder, is collarless and is meant to be loose. Further, the traditional perahan is wide but fits closer to the body down to the waist and then is loose and full down to the knees (thereby flaring out).

Afghan Dresses


The tunban (lower garment) is carried loose and hanging. Some versions of the tunban have the ample folds gathered into plaits at the lower part of the legs, below the knees to the ankles and the loose part above overhangs in loops. The tunban, therefore, uses plenty of fabric so that it gathers around the waist and folds around the legs.

Modern version

The modern Perahan tunban retains a number of the loose options of the normal Perahan tunban however is analogous to the straight cut pants kameez. Some designs even have the buttons open at the front. The modern Perahan uses side slits. However, not like the straight cut kameez, the perimeters of the perahan are cut like an arch. The tunban can be a yard wide.

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